GCF of 16 and 72
GCF of 16 and 72 is the largest possible number that divides 16 and 72 exactly without any remainder. The factors of 16 and 72 are 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 72 respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find the GCF of 16 and 72  long division, Euclidean algorithm, and prime factorization.
1.  GCF of 16 and 72 
2.  List of Methods 
3.  Solved Examples 
4.  FAQs 
What is GCF of 16 and 72?
Answer: GCF of 16 and 72 is 8.
Explanation:
The GCF of two nonzero integers, x(16) and y(72), is the greatest positive integer m(8) that divides both x(16) and y(72) without any remainder.
Methods to Find GCF of 16 and 72
The methods to find the GCF of 16 and 72 are explained below.
 Long Division Method
 Prime Factorization Method
 Listing Common Factors
GCF of 16 and 72 by Long Division
GCF of 16 and 72 is the divisor that we get when the remainder becomes 0 after doing long division repeatedly.
 Step 1: Divide 72 (larger number) by 16 (smaller number).
 Step 2: Since the remainder ≠ 0, we will divide the divisor of step 1 (16) by the remainder (8).
 Step 3: Repeat this process until the remainder = 0.
The corresponding divisor (8) is the GCF of 16 and 72.
GCF of 16 and 72 by Prime Factorization
Prime factorization of 16 and 72 is (2 × 2 × 2 × 2) and (2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3) respectively. As visible, 16 and 72 have common prime factors. Hence, the GCF of 16 and 72 is 2 × 2 × 2 = 8.
GCF of 16 and 72 by Listing Common Factors
 Factors of 16: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16
 Factors of 72: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 72
There are 4 common factors of 16 and 72, that are 8, 1, 2, and 4. Therefore, the greatest common factor of 16 and 72 is 8.
☛ Also Check:
 GCF of 28 and 98 = 14
 GCF of 10 and 30 = 10
 GCF of 7 and 28 = 7
 GCF of 72 and 80 = 8
 GCF of 21 and 49 = 7
 GCF of 42 and 48 = 6
 GCF of 56 and 70 = 14
GCF of 16 and 72 Examples

Example 1: For two numbers, GCF = 8 and LCM = 144. If one number is 72, find the other number.
Solution:
Given: GCF (y, 72) = 8 and LCM (y, 72) = 144
∵ GCF × LCM = 72 × (y)
⇒ y = (GCF × LCM)/72
⇒ y = (8 × 144)/72
⇒ y = 16
Therefore, the other number is 16. 
Example 2: The product of two numbers is 1152. If their GCF is 8, what is their LCM?
Solution:
Given: GCF = 8 and product of numbers = 1152
∵ LCM × GCF = product of numbers
⇒ LCM = Product/GCF = 1152/8
Therefore, the LCM is 144. 
Example 3: Find the GCF of 16 and 72, if their LCM is 144.
Solution:
∵ LCM × GCF = 16 × 72
⇒ GCF(16, 72) = (16 × 72)/144 = 8
Therefore, the greatest common factor of 16 and 72 is 8.
FAQs on GCF of 16 and 72
What is the GCF of 16 and 72?
The GCF of 16 and 72 is 8. To calculate the GCF (Greatest Common Factor) of 16 and 72, we need to factor each number (factors of 16 = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16; factors of 72 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 72) and choose the greatest factor that exactly divides both 16 and 72, i.e., 8.
How to Find the GCF of 16 and 72 by Prime Factorization?
To find the GCF of 16 and 72, we will find the prime factorization of the given numbers, i.e. 16 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2; 72 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3.
⇒ Since 2, 2, 2 are common terms in the prime factorization of 16 and 72. Hence, GCF(16, 72) = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8
☛ What are Prime Numbers?
How to Find the GCF of 16 and 72 by Long Division Method?
To find the GCF of 16, 72 using long division method, 72 is divided by 16. The corresponding divisor (8) when remainder equals 0 is taken as GCF.
What are the Methods to Find GCF of 16 and 72?
There are three commonly used methods to find the GCF of 16 and 72.
 By Prime Factorization
 By Listing Common Factors
 By Long Division
If the GCF of 72 and 16 is 8, Find its LCM.
GCF(72, 16) × LCM(72, 16) = 72 × 16
Since the GCF of 72 and 16 = 8
⇒ 8 × LCM(72, 16) = 1152
Therefore, LCM = 144
☛ Greatest Common Factor Calculator
What is the Relation Between LCM and GCF of 16, 72?
The following equation can be used to express the relation between LCM and GCF of 16 and 72, i.e. GCF × LCM = 16 × 72.
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