Emerging IoT Technologies in 2019

As we move into 2019, it’s good to look back on 2018 and see how the IoT world developed over the space of a single year. This only begs the question: what does 2019 have in store for IoT? Has the world of smart technologies hit a plateau, or are we about to see another spike as the Internet of Things becomes more and more ingrained within our society? Let’s take a look at what this new year has in store for the IoT world.

Artificial Intelligence

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The main “problem” with IoT right now is that its smartness is dependent on user input. Everything is connected to the Internet, but it still requires a human to tell it what to do. The next stage in IoT would be turning these gadgets into true “smart devices” by having them predict what the user wants.

Tech UK makes a great case for this in their article about AI in IoT. AI would be a lot more than your toaster knowing when to automatically prepare breakfast; AI would be used to prevent and help in emergency situations where timing is crucial. Tech UK makes a great example with a surveillance system that can automatically identify vehicle number plates and faces. This data can then be rapidly sent to emergency services during times of trouble. Smart cars could also use AI to make rapid decisions that might prevent a crash.

Edge Computing

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Edge computing is when processing is done by the devices on the “edge” of the network, rather than the main cloud at the “core.” At the moment, devices are a bit low on processing power, so they have to send off data to a central cloud that does all the processing. As our IoT gadgets get more powerful, we should start seeing devices wean off of the cloud and perform the calculations themselves. This helps with specific use cases that require near-instant answers that aren’t dependent on a connection to a central cloud.

The Foundations for Smart Cities

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We definitely won’t be seeing self-driving emergency response vehicles and automatic grocery restocking drones in 2019, but we’ll see the beginnings of something larger brewing. As the RFID journal states, the biggest hurdle right now is getting the foundations laid for solutions that will last a long time technologically speaking. Adding new infrastructure is time-consuming and expensive, so the last thing anyone wants is for the technology to be outdated the moment it’s finished being rolled out.

This will require some talk between the smart device manufacturers and the city planners to work out what’s coming up, what is needed, and what can be done right now to prepare for the future. Doing this will establish a solid road plan that will last a long time before needing an upgrade. Once it’s been rolled out, it will then act as the base foundation from which smart cities can flourish and develop.

The Beginning of 5G

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We’ve talked about 5G previously, on why it’s important for the development of the IoT. In this article we made some very impressive claims on the speed and latency of 5G and how it will affect the IoT world as a whole.

2019 will be the year that 5G will begin its rollout, but you shouldn’t expect it to be at the same power as stated in that article. It will be a small rollout in select cities to set the foundations for 5G, and the speeds will still be in their fledgling state.

Despite 2019 perhaps not being the prime year for 5G, it is the start of something bigger. Once 5G is fully rolled out and in its prime state, it will be a huge step up for IoT devices such as smart cars. We may not be seeing the full effects of 5G just yet, but we will definitely see its beginnings this year.

New Year’s Tech Solutions

With 2019 bringing a fresh start, everyone in the IoT space is keen to see what the year has in store. By the looks of things, the world of IoT definitely won’t be resting on its laurels, as we’ll see large-scale developments making their debut this year.

What are you looking forward to in 2019? Sound off below!